KC GlobeNews SEPTEMBER 2003 BOTTLED WATER Special Vol.4, No.9

Current events, trends, travel, politics, eco and tech topics.


CONTENTS
BOTTLED WATER WOES
HEALTHY CITIES
CORPORATE ENVIRONMENTAL LEADERS
LANGUAGE DICTIONARIES
AMERICAN PSYCHO
OZONE HOLE UPDATE
LARGEST CORPORATE VIOLATION OF OZONE REGS
DO NOT CALL REGISTRY
THE BIG LIE OF JESSICA LYNCH

============
!!GLOBALERT!!
============
BOTTLED WATER WOES
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
"You drink tap water? Are you crazy?" asks a 21-year-old radio producer from Chicago. I only drink bottled water. In a trendy nightclub in New York, the bartender tells guests they can only be served bottled water, which costs $5 for each tiny container. One outraged clubber is stopped by the restroom attendant as she tries to refill the bottle from the tap. You can't do that, says the attendant. New York's tap water isn't safe.

Bottled water is so ubiquitous that people can hardly ask for water anywhere without being handed a bottle. But what is the cost to society and the environment?

Whether a consumer is shopping, working out, eating in a restaurant or grabbing a refreshment on the go, he or she will likely be tempted to buy bottled water. The product comes in a growing variety of sizes and shapes, including one bottle that looks like a drop of water with a golden cap. Some fine hotels now offer the services of "water sommeliers" to advise diners on which water to drink with different courses.

A widening spectrum of bottled water types are crowding the market, including spring, mineral, purified, distilled, carbonated, oxygenated, caffeinated and vitamin-enriched, as well as flavors and brands aimed at children. Bottled water bars have sprung up in the hipper districts, from Paris to Los Angeles.

How silly can it get? The K9 Water Company of Valencia, California sells beef, liver, chicken and lamb-flavored bottled waters for dogs. You can even get all four in a combo pack "so your dog can decide..."
It's really all about marketing. Advertisers have done an effective job persuading us that our tap water isn't safe. We're exhorted to buy the one liquid we can't live without from private companies who dress up bottles with pretty nature scenes that contradict the true environmental impact of their enterprises.

The message is clear: Bottled water is "good" water, as opposed to that nasty, unsafe stuff that comes out of the tap. But in most cases tap water adheres to stricter purity standards than bottled water, whose source - far from a mountain spring - can be wells underneath industrial facilities. Indeed, 40 percent of bottled water began life as, well, tap water.
Consumers associate bottled water with social status and healthy living. Their perceptions trump their objectivity, because even people who claim to have switched to bottled water "for the taste" can't tell the difference: Good Morning America conducted a taste test and New York City tap water was chosen as the heavy favorite over the oxygenated water 02, Poland Spring and Evian. Many of the "facts" that bottled water drinkers swear by are erroneous.

While much tap water is indeed risky, the NRDC found that there is no assurance that bottled water is any safer than tap water. University of Geneva scientists arrived at the same conclusion, and add that, in 50% of the cases studied, the only difference between tap and bottled water was that the latter contained added minerals and salts, "which do not mean the water is healthier." The FAO states bottled water does not have greater nutritional value than tap water. So why do so many people think otherwise?

The NRDC tested more than 1,000 bottles of 103 brands of bottled water. The group concluded, "Although most bottled water tested was of good quality, some brands' quality was spotty." A third of the brands were found to contain contaminants such as arsenic and carcinogenic compounds in some samples at levels exceeding state or industry standards.

Another area of potential concern is the fact that no agency calls for testing of bottled water after it leaves its initial packaging plant, leaving some to wonder what happens during months of storage and transport. The Kansas Department of Health and Environment tested 80 samples of bottled water from retail stores and manufacturers. All 80 of the samples had detectable levels of chlorine, fluoride and sodium.

As ABC News put it, "Ad campaigns touting spring-fed or glacier-born H2O are winning over a population increasingly skeptical of taps and willing to shell out big bucks for what they consider a purer, tastier and safer drink." Water bottlers use product names such as More Precious Than Gold, Ice Mountain, Desert Quench, Pure American, Utopia and Crystal Springs. The Environmental Law Foundation has sued eight bottlers on the basis that they used words like "pure" to market water containing bacteria, arsenic and chlorine breakdown products.

The number one (Aquafina) and two (Dasani) top-selling brands of bottled water in the U.S. both fall in the category of purified water. Dasani is sold by Coca-Cola, while Aquafina is a Pepsi product. As U.S. News & World Report explains, "Aquafina is municipal water from spots like Wichita, Kansas." The news magazine continues, "Coke's Dasani (with minerals added) is taken from the taps of Queens, New York, Jacksonville, Florida, and elsewhere." Everest bottled water originates from southern Texas, while Yosemite brand is drawn from the Los Angeles suburbs.

For the price of one bottle of Evian, a person can use 1,000 gallons of tap water in the home.

Environmentalists question the purpose of lugging those heavy, inefficient, polluting bottles all over the Earth. World Wide Fund for Nature argues that the product is a waste of money and is very environmentally unfriendly. Co-op America concludes: "By far the cheapest - and often the safest - option is to drink water from a tap. It's also the most environmentally friendly option." Friends of the Earth says, "We might as well drink water from the tap and save all this waste."

Distribution of bottled water requires substantially more fuel than delivering tap water. Over 22 million tons of the bottled liquid is transferred each year from country to country. Instead of relying on a mostly preexisting infrastructure of underground pipes and plumbing, delivering bottled water burns fossil fuels and results in the release of harmful emissions. Electricity is expended for refrigeration. Energy is likewise used in bottled water processing. In filtration, an estimated two gallons of water is wasted for every gallon purified.

When most people think of bottled water, they envision the single-serve plastic bottle, which is now available almost anywhere food products are sold. The WWF estimates that around 1.5 million tons of plastic are used globally each year in water bottles, leaving a sizable manufacturing footprint. Most water bottles are made of the oil-derived polyethylene terephthalate (PET). Manufacturing PET generates more than 100 times the toxic emissions compared to making the same amount of glass. Making plastic bottles requires almost the same energy input as making glass bottles, despite transport savings that stem from plastic's light weight.

The Container Recycling Institute says nine out of 10 plastic water bottles end up as either garbage or litter - at a rate of 30 million per day. When some plastic bottles are incinerated along with other trash, as is the practice in many municipalities, toxic chlorine (and potentially dioxin) is released into the air while heavy metals deposit in the ash. If plastics are buried in landfills, not only do they take up valuable space, but potentially toxic additives such as phthalates may leak into the groundwater. It's ironic that people drink bottled water because they are afraid of tap water, but then the bottles they discard can result in more polluted water.

Only five percent of plastic waste is currently recycled in America and much of that must be fortified with huge amounts of virgin plastic. One limitation is that recycling plastic causes it to lose strength and flexibility, meaning the process can only be done a few times with any given sample.

Different types of plastics are difficult to sort, even though they can't be recycled together. Plastic additives (phthalates or metal salts) can also thwart recycling efforts as can too high a ratio of colored bottles (such as Dasani's blue containers) to clear bottles. Because of the challenges, many recycling centers refuse to accept plastics. In fact, a fair amount of America's plastic recycling is done in Asia, where laxer environmental laws govern polluting factories and fuel is spent in international transport.

The California Department of Conservation (CDOC) says more than one billion water bottles are ending up in the state's trash each year - enough plastic to make 16 million sweaters. Only 16 percent of PET water bottles sold in California are being recycled, compared to much higher rates for aluminum and glass.

Franklin says one potential deterrent to recycling may be that water bottles are often used away from home, meaning they aren't likely to make it into curbside bins. Young advises people to ask for recycling bins in retail and public spaces.

Alternatives to bottled water - boiling and filtering - are cheaper and more sustainable in areas that have contaminated tap sources. Fill your own bottles to take with you on the go. Spring and other specialty waters can be purchased in bulk.

Cut back on bottled water and look to tap systems to provide daily needs. Incidents of chemical or microbial contamination in tap water are actually relatively rare. Reliable water is currently available to nearly all 270 million U.S. residents.

Tap water does face numerous threats, including possible contamination from the potentially harmful byproducts of chlorination, the specter of pollution and a lack of adequate funding. Governments should focus their limited energies on repairing current tap water infrastructures and on protecting watersheds from harmful farm, industry and urban pollutants. We certainly need to think twice before handing off the public water trust to private companies that put it in attractive bottles at a high price.

Read the entire article:
Message in a Bottle - Despite the Hype, Bottled Water is Neither CLEANER nor GREENER Than Tap Water
http://www.emagazine.com/september-october_2003/0903feat1.html

 

==============
THE GOOD NEWS
==============
HEALTHY CITIES
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Organic Style is a glossy magazine for the upscale organic consumer. It comes from Rodale Inc., the folks who also publish Organic Gardening.
In the Sept-Oct 2003 issue, the magazine asks How Healthy is Your City?

It ranks 125 US cities for environmental toxicity (what's in the air, water and soil and how bad it might be for health).

The article is not too technical and will give readers yet another dimension to consider when they choose where to live. And rankings such as this might inspire cities to consider environmental health when they plan economic development.

Top of the list: Santa Fe, New Mexico. Best in the Northeast: Ithaca, New York. Best in the Northwest: Bellingham, Washington.

Source: Organic Style:
http://www.organicstyle.com/thisissue/healthycities.html


CORPORATE ENVIRONMENTAL LEADERS
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Here's the 2003 list of the top 20 companies in the world identified as sustainable by SustainableBusiness.com. That is both financially strong AND leading in environmental performance.

Companies are chosen based on two categories:
1) they are committed to sound environmental practices
2) on the leading edge of products that support a sustainable society.

2003 SB20 alphabetically:
Ballard Power Systems
Chiquita
Electrolux
FuelCell Energy
Green Mountain Coffee
Henkel
Herman Miller
Horizon Organic Dairy
Itron
JM Inc.
Novo Nordisk
Novozymes
Power Integrations
STMicroelectronics
Swiss Re
Timberland
United Natural
Vestas
Wainwright Bank
Whole Foods

Sources: Corporate Social Responsibility Newswire Service.
http://www.csrwire.com/article.cgi/1980.html
Progressive Investor newsletter
http://www.sustainablebusiness.com/progressiveinvestor/

 

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==========
GLOBESITES
==========
LANGUAGE DICTIONARIES
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Quick translation needed? A word in another language?

Do it online - use one of the many free translation and dictionary sites.

Examples you can bookmark or add to your favorites:
English Dictionaries:
http://www.yourdictionary.com/
http://nhd.heinle.com/
http://www.onelook.com/

Translations
Note: use these sites to translate entire website and documents here (not perfectly but well enough to understand)
http://babelfish.altavista.com/
http://www.google.com/language_tools
http://www.freetranslation.com/

Spanish Dictionaries:
http://www.spanishdict.com/
http://www.diccionarios.com/

French Dictionaries:
http://dictionaries.travlang.com/EnglishFrench/
http://humanities.uchicago.edu/forms_unrest/FR-ENG.html
http://www.french-linguistics.co.uk/dictionary/

German Dictionaries:
http://dict.leo.org/
http://qsilver.queensu.ca/german/business/dictionary/

Multiple Dictionaries:
http://www.freedict.com/
http://www.wordreference.com/
http://www.langtolang.com/
http://www.babylon.com/

 

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=========
GlobeNews
=========
AMERICAN PSYCHO
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
A study funded by the US government has concluded that conservatism can be explained psychologically as a set of neuroses rooted in "fear and
aggression, dogmatism and the intolerance of ambiguity".

As if that was not enough to get Republican blood boiling, the report's four authors linked Hitler, Mussolini, Ronald Reagan and the right wing talk show host, Rush Limbaugh, arguing they all suffered from the same affliction.

All of them "preached a return to an idealised past and condoned inequality".

Republicans are demanding to know why the psychologists behind the report, Political Conservatism as Motivated Social Cognition, received $1.2m in public funds for their research from the National Science Foundation and the National Institutes of Health.

The authors also peer into the psyche of President George Bush, who turns out to be a textbook case. The telltale signs are his preference for moral certainty and frequently expressed dislike of nuance.

"This intolerance of ambiguity can lead people to cling to the familiar, to arrive at premature conclusions, and to impose simplistic cliches and stereotypes," the authors argue in the Psychological Bulletin.

One of the psychologists behind the study, Jack Glaser, said the aversion to shades of grey and the need for "closure" could explain the fact that the Bush administration ignored intelligence that contradicted its beliefs about Iraq's weapons of mass destruction.

The authors, presumably aware of the outrage they were likely to trigger, added a disclaimer that their study "does not mean that conservatism is pathological or that conservative beliefs are necessarily false".

Another author, Arie Kruglanski, of the University of Maryland, said he had received hate mail since the article was published, but he insisted that the study "is not critical of conservatives at all". "The variables we talk about are general human dimensions," he said. "These are the same dimensions that contribute to loyalty and commitment to the group. Liberals might be less intolerant of ambiguity, but they may be less decisive, less committed, less loyal."

But what drives the psychologists? George Will, a Washington Post columnist who has long suffered from ingrained conservatism, noted, tartly:
"The professors have ideas; the rest of us have emanations of our psychological needs and neuroses."

Source: Study of Bush's psyche touches a nerve, The Guardian. August 12 2003
http://www.guardian.co.uk

 

=============
FUTURE IS NOW
=============
OZONE HOLE UPDATE
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Folks, maybe we were a bit premature last month when we said that the ozone hole could be stabilizing.

Satellite readings and ground observations show for the first time that the dangerous rate of ozone loss is finally slowing.

CFCs last from 45 to 100 years in the atmosphere. So even if the rate of growth in the ozone holes continues slowing, it will take at least 40 or 50 years before all the ozone depletion stops and recovery begins.

Ozone hole 'could be stabilising'
http://www.news.com.au/common/story_page/0,4057,6835942%5E1702,00.html

Ozone hole 'set to shrink'
http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/1050495.stm

Hints of ozone recovery spotted
http://www.nature.com/nsu/030728/030728-5.html


LARGEST CORPORATE VIOLATION OF OZONE REGS
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Sara Lee (famous for their cheesecake) acquired Earthgrains, the 2nd largest bakery in the US, for US1.9 billion plus debt in 2001. But in 2000 the EPA had already been in touch with Earthgrains about its compliance, or lack thereof, with ozone depleting substances regulations. In its 2002 Annual Report, Sara Lee reported that it did not expect that any liability resulting from the EPA proceedings would have a significant adverse effect on its finances.

In July 2003 the EPA and the Justice Department announced that the settlement reached with Earthgrains will amount to at least US $10.25 million, $5.25 million as a civil penalty and over $5 million to convert all the company's industrial process refrigeration appliances so they do not release substances which deplete the ozone layer.

57 out of 67 facilities, with over 300 large appliance involved, leaked refrigerants at an excessive rate. Earthgrains had not made repairs to comply with the ozone depleting regulations. The US government regards the violation as having global impact in terms of public health and the environment.

So Sara Lee now has to fix the refrigeration systems under the intense scrutiny of regulators. With net sales for the fiscal year ending June 28, 2003 of $18.3 billion, they now have a dubious record. The US government said it has "committed the largest ever corporate-wide violations of stratospheric ozone protection regulations"
Sources:
http://www.shareholder.com/Common?Edgar/23666/950131-02-3636/02-00.pdf
US Environmental Protection Agency July 30th news release
http://www.epa.gov/ozone/enforce/


======
NetTips
======
DO NOT CALL REGISTRY
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
You may have already heard that there now is a National Do Not Call Registry in the USA. It's a great way to stop telemarketers from calling you.

It's very easy to sign up online:
http://donotcall.gov/

Thanks to all who wrote in! And to everyone else, speak up!

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
GlobeNews by Kahl Consultants
Visit us: http://www.kahl.net/globenews
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

THE PLUG
========
How has your small business or organization been performing?
Happy with your work? Let Kahl Consultants help!
Technology. Use it appropriately. Put it in our hands.
http://www.kahl.net

If you got this far you obviously enjoyed GlobeNews.
Please pass it on! Remember, the best things in life are free.

THE PUNCH LINE
==============
THE BIG LIE OF JESSICA LYNCH
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
A $1 mil book deal, zero memory of any "rescue" and the worst book you'll read this year
Hey, remember that dramatic CNN footage of that big statue of Saddam Hussein being toppled by U.S. forces in that Baghdad square a few months back, during the "war"? Remember how powerfully symbolic it was supposed to be?

Remember, later, seeing the wide-angle shot on the Internet, the one of all the U.S. tanks surrounding the square and the whole bogus setup of how they staged the event, complete with a big crane and some strong cable and strategically positioned "citizens" cheering their "liberation" as the statue fell, as just off camera, a handful of genuine Iraqis loitered nearby, looking confused and bored?

Remember how you felt then? Like this little black worm had bored into your skin and was crawling around in your small intestine and you had the perpetual urge to go off into the corner and eat pie and slam double scotches and scream at the state of BushCo's nation?

The Jessica Lynch story is just like that, only much, much worse.

These are the things that make you wince and sigh. These are the things that put it all in perspective, make you realize what the Pentagon and the military hawks really value.

These are the things that make you realize, goddammit, here I am working every day and struggling to make ends meet in a BushCo-gutted economy and all I really needed to do all along to make a million bucks is stage some sort of bogus wartime heroics and sell it to a war-numbed American populace for $24.95 in hardback, and, boom, Range Rover City.

Jessica Lynch. You know the one. The sweet, American-pie 19-year-old soldier and kindergarten-teacher wanna-be whose army squad took a wrong turn in Iraq and was, apparently, ambushed.

And some of her comrades were killed and she was taken prisoner, full of stab wounds and bullet holes, and she was whisked off to a ragged Iraqi hospital and held for eight days by vicious Iraqi guards and ostensibly abused, and later supposedly "rescued" in the most daring and macho made-for-TV moment of the war by elite teams of hunky U.S. Army Rangers and U.S. Navy SEALs. Wow.

Except that it never really happened that way. Except that Lynch herself doesn't remember a single thing and all the nurses and doctors and eyewitnesses on the scene say the Iraqi fedayeen guards had fled the day before the "rescue," and there was no danger whatsoever, no resistance of any kind, the U.S. forces could just walk right in, and they knew it.

And the hospital doors were wide open, and the nurses and doctors had gone out of their way to provide decent care for our precious Jessica, considering the circumstances, and doctors even tried to return Lynch to U.S. forces themselves.

And despite U.S. claims, Lynch had no knife wounds or bullet holes at all, just a few broken bones, and the dramatic and violent "rescue" was really just inane and silly and entirely faked and yet America bought it, hook, line and Rumsfeld, because it was on TV...

Read the fully story:
Mark Morford, September 5, 2003 SF Gate
http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?file=/g/a/2003/09/05/notes090503.DTL

 


KC GlobeNews JULY 2003 Bio-Eco-Net Special Vol.4, No.7-8

Current events, trends, travel, politics, eco and tech topics.

Add earthlings to our mailing list - email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

CONTENTS
BIOTECH WILL NOT ENSURE FOOD SECURITY, PROTECT THE ENVIRONMENT, OR REDUCE POVERTY
TIME TO INVEST GREEN
HOW TO STAY YOUNG
ANIMAL RESCUE SITE
HOW LONG WILL THE OZONE HOLE LAST?
INTERNET TWO
HUMMERDINGER
BEST SPAM I'VE GOTTEN LATELY


============
!!GLOBALERT!!
============
BIOTECH WILL NOT ENSURE FOOD SECURITY, PROTECT THE ENVIRONMENT, OR REDUCE POVERTY
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Biotechnology companies often claim that genetically modified organisms (GMOs) -- specifically genetically altered seeds -- are essential scientific breakthroughs needed to feed the world, protect the environment, and reduce poverty in developing countries.

This view rests on two critical assumptions, both of which we question. The first is that hunger is due to a gap between food production and human population density or growth rate. The second is that genetic engineering is the only or best way to increase agricultural production and thus meet future food needs.

We challenge the notion of biotechnology as a magic bullet solution to all of agriculture's ills, by clarifying misconceptions concerning these underlying assumptions.

1. There is no relationship between the prevalence of hunger in a given country and its population.
2. Most innovations in agricultural biotechnology have been profit-driven rather than need-driven.
3. The integration of the seed and chemical industries appears destined to accelerate increases in per acre expenditures for seeds plus chemicals, delivering significantly lower returns to growers.
4. Recent experimental trials have shown that genetically engineered seeds do not increase the yield of crops.
5. Many scientists claim that the ingestion of genetically engineered food is harmless. Recent evidence however shows that there are potential risks of eating such foods
6. Transgenic plants which produce their own insecticides closely follow the pesticide paradigm, which is itself rapidly failing due to pest resistance to insecticides.
7. The global fight for market share markets is leading companies to massively deploy transgenic crops around the world without proper advance testing of short- or long-term impacts on human health and ecosystems.
8. There are many unanswered ecological questions regarding the impact of transgenic crops.
9. As the private sector has exerted more dominance in advancing new biotechnologies, the public sector has had to invest a growing share of its resources in enhancing biotechnological capacities in public institutions and in evaluating and responding to the challenges posed by incorporating private sector technologies into existing farming systems.
10. Although there may be some useful applications of biotechnology (i.e. the breeding drought resistant varieties or crops resistant to weed competition),because these desirable traits are polygenic and difficult to engineer, these innovations will take at least l0 years to be ready for field use.

Source: Miguel A. Altieri, UC Berkeley and Peter Rosset, Food First

Read the complete article here:

http://www.foodfirst.org/progs/global/biotech/altieri-11-99.html

http://sierraclub.org/biotech/hungryworld.asp


==============
THE GOOD NEWS
==============
TIME TO INVEST GREEN
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
So-called socially responsible funds used to mean a clean conscience but lackluster returns. That's no longer true.

According to financial research firm Lipper, so-called socially responsible funds have performed about in line with regular diversified equity funds over the past three-year and five-year periods. Because of that, people who want to keep their money in the market but still sleep well at night have been voting with their dollars.

Just last year, at a time when investors withdrew nearly $10.5 billion from diversified U.S. equity funds, they added $1.5 billion to socially responsible investing (SRI) funds.

There are some decided advantages to these investments. A big one is the amount of research behind them. Portfolio managers in the category typically apply rigorous environmental and social screens to their companies, and because of that the fund companies need to do a lot more qualitative research. Result? They get to know their portfolio companies extremely well.

One caution, though, is that "green" can mean different things to different managers. Defense contractors are almost always ruled out, as are cigarette manufacturers and companies that make alcoholic beverages. But beyond those obvious categories the rules become a lot more subjective. For example, some managers will not invest in pharmaceutical firms because of their history of polluting, while others try to applaud their efforts to clean up the industry.

Because of all the variables and differing approaches, green investing can be maze like for newcomers.

To make your life easier, we've selected a couple of investments that any environmentally conscious investor--in fact, any investor--would be happy to own.

To learn more about these funds visit their website or read the full article in FSB (see link below).

Stock Fund
Parnassus Equity Income (parnassus.com)

Bond Fund
Calvert Social Investment Bond (calvertgroup.com)

Stock and Bond Fund
Pax World Balanced Fund (paxfund.com)

Index Fund
Vanguard Calvert Social Index Fund (calvertgroup.com)

Hedge Fund
Green Cay Asset Management (greencayasset.com)

Private Asset Management
Walden Asset Management (waldenassetmgmt.com)

Angel Investing
Investors' Circle (investorscircle.net)

Fortune Small Business article "Is It Finally Time to Invest Green?"
http://www.fortune.com/fortune/smallbusiness/articles/0,15114,456369,00.html


HOW TO STAY YOUNG
=================
[Thanks Jenn!]

1. Throw out nonessential numbers. This includes age, weight and height.
Let the doctor worry about them. That is why you pay him/her.

2. Keep only cheerful friends. The grouches pull you down.

3. Keep learning. Learn more about the computer, crafts, gardening,
whatever. Never let the brain idle. " An idle mind is the devil's
workshop," And the devil's name is Alzheimer's.

4. Enjoy the simple things.

5. Laugh often, long and loud. Laugh until you gasp for breath.

6. The tears happen. Endure, grieve, and move on. The only person who is
with us our entire life, is ourselves. Be ALIVE while you are alive.

7. Surround yourself with what you love, whether it's family, pets,
keepsakes, music, plants, hobbies, whatever. Your home is your refuge.

8. Cherish your health: If it is good, preserve it. If it is unstable,
improve it. If it is beyond what you can improve, get help.

9. Don't take guilt trips. Take a trip to the mall, to the next county, to

a foreign country, but NOT to where the guilt is.

10. Tell the people you love that you love them, at every opportunity.

AND ALWAYS REMEMBER:
Life is not measured by the number of breaths we take,
but by the moments that take our breath away.

 

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* No Monthly Fees! No Hidden Fees!
* Even works worldwide (via web enabled CALLBACK)!

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==========
GLOBESITES
==========
ANIMAL RESCUE SITE
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
[Thanks Cori!]

The Animal Rescue Site is having trouble getting enough people to click on it daily to meet their quota of getting free food donated every day to abused and neglected animals.

Just go to their site and click on "feed an animal in need" for free. Or better yet, bookmark it to your Favorites list and make a habit of clicking on it every day when you turn your computer on.

This doesn't cost you a thing. Their corporate sponsors/advertisers use the number of daily visits to donate food to abandoned/neglected animals in exchange
for advertising.

Here's the web site! Pass it along to people you know.

ANIMAL RESCUE SITE
http://www.theanimalrescuesite.com


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* Online Marketing Plans
* Website Traffic Analysis

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All this and more can be found here:
http://www.kahl.net/hosting


=========
GlobeNews
=========
HOW LONG WILL THE OZONE HOLE LAST?
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
30 years ago scientists discovered that common industrial gases were destroying Earth's protective ozone layer. In 1974 Sherwood Rowland of UC Irvine and Mario Molina of MIT published the first powerful evidence of the impending danger.

They discovered that the ozone layer was under attack from chemical-based compounds called chlorinated fluorocarbons or CFCs which were used as aerosol gases or refrigerants. These substances have gradually been phased out under a 1987 UN treaty, the Montreal Protocol.

Now satellite readings and ground observations show for the first time that the dangerous rate of ozone loss is finally slowing.

CFCs last from 45 to 100 years in the atmosphere. So even if the rate of growth in the ozone holes continues slowing, it will take at least 40 or 50 years before all the ozone depletion stops and recovery begins.

Ozone hole 'could be stabilising'
http://www.news.com.au/common/story_page/0,4057,6835942%5E1702,00.html

Ozone hole 'set to shrink'
http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/1050495.stm

Hints of ozone recovery spotted
http://www.nature.com/nsu/030728/030728-5.html


=============
FUTURE IS NOW
=============
INTERNET TWO
~~~~~~~~~~~~~
There is a parallel universe, and a lucky group of academics and corporate R&D types are lucky enough to live there. It is known as Internet2, or I2, and it is a place where speeds are up to 1,000 times faster, vast datasets can be moved like virtual feathers, and there are no pop-up ads.

Internet2 is actually two things. Specifically, it is an organization -- a not-for-profit consortium of more than 200 U.S. universities and scores of big-name companies that are working together on the development of a faster, cooler information superhighway. Internet2 is also the name of the network itself -- a virtual land where activities that seem incredible to most people are taking place every day.

Last month, for example, a group of poets scattered across the U.S. joined via I2 videoconferencing to perform a live, 90-minute poetry reading as a dedication to Columbia University professor and poet Kenneth Koch (1925-2002). Internet2 has enabled a Washington, D.C., surgeon to direct a gall bladder operation in Columbus, Ohio. And symphony orchestras in Miami and Atlanta have been able to practice together in real-time.

Touch Me, Heal Me

Remember the Star Trek holodeck? Internet2 creates a similar collaborative experience through the use of "haptics," a remote feedback technology that lets participants "touch" things that might be on the other side of the globe. They get the shape, texture and density of the object through the computer. This nifty feature is useful for things like distance learning and telemedicine.

Say there are only a handful of doctors capable of performing a new procedure. I2 allows them to share their knowledge. In fact, their precise hand movements can be captured by a computer so that students can retrace them as though they are putting on a magic glove.

Some of the new technologies that I2 researchers are playing with include IPv6, or Internet Protocol Version 6; multicasting; and quality of service (QoS) -- all of which provide a level of efficiency that will enable radical new advances in applications. Imagine an entire library housed online. Or a virtual laboratory where a scientific team in Australia could work on a nuclear-physics experiment shoulder-to-shoulder with its counterparts in the U.S. Those are no longer science-fiction concepts -- the future is here.

The Long Horizon

The Internet2 consortium started out in 1996 as an effort among 34 universities and numerous corporate research labs. Internet2-connected universities have committed more than US$80 million per year in new investments on campuses since then, and corporate members have committed upwards of $30 million so far. Internet2 institutions also receive funding via grants from the National Science Foundation and other federal agencies.

"Experimentation wasn't possible on the commercial Internet," said Internet2 spokesperson Greg Wood in a recent interview with NewsFactor. "There's a need to have a place where the long horizon can foster new technologies to be used in high-performance networks."

High performance is crucial for Internet2 because its major selling point is a lack of network constraints -- freedom from the performance bottlenecks that can cripple applications on the commercial Internet. "In the Internet2 environment, the network is no longer in the way," Wood said. "There are issues about optimizing end-to-end performance, but it's almost never the case that the backbone network is the problem."

At roughly the same time that Internet2 began forming, the U.S. government began its own project called Next Generation Internet. That initiative has basically the same goals as Internet2 but is centered around the needs of government agencies, such as the Department of Defense and NASA. The two projects share data.

>From Cave to Stars

Internet 2 recently linked some 500 educators and students located in Seattle and Virginia, allowing them to participate in a live, virtual classroom. Teachers and students were able to interact from coast to coast. Virginia Tech associate professor of engineering Ron Kriz recently spoke with NewsFactor about the tele-immersion project, known as Cave Automatic Virtual Environment, or CAVE.

Unlike the aforementioned fictional holodeck, objects in the virtual environment cannot actually be physically handled, he explained. "The effects are all visual. You feel like you're in the middle of it. You can stick your head in an object. The walls effectively disappear, and stereo objects feel like they're right there, and they're projected to infinity," Kriz said.

Perhaps no field will benefit from Internet2 more than astronomy, with its monumental data-processing requirements. One of I2's stellar projects is the creation of a link between a sophisticated telescope located at the Gemini Observatory in Mauna Kea, Hawaii, and its twin, on Cerro Pachon in the Chilean Andes. Astronomers now can see the skies in the northern and southern hemispheres simultaneously in real-time.

"Because Gemini is a single observatory with two telescopes, it is especially useful to us," Gemini spokesperson Peter Michaud told NewsFactor last year. The Gemini linkage, under development for five years, is just one example of how computing and adaptive optics processing are advancing the field of astronomy. "Because of computer processing power, we can now produce images from the ground that are several times sharper than what is possible with the Hubble Space Telescope," Michaud said.

The Next New World

Though the possibilities for I2 are boundless, what is still a ways off is the means of meshing this parallel universe with today's relatively mundane online world. Experts agree that the I2 revolution will not become apparent to the average cyber citizen for several years -- at least -- but they are quietly preparing the groundwork for a system that does not replicate the Wild West character of the first Internet.

The driving concept behind the standards discussions is the achievement of a balance between regulation and openness. "The Internet so far has been sort of chaotic in its adoption," said John Muleta, executive vice president of OI Systems, in a webcast. "I2 is an evolving set of standards" designed to be as flexible and agile as the new Internet itself. "We don't want to go to the point where it's codified through some kind of legislation or statute," Muleta said.

Source: Ellen Powell, www.NewsFactor.com


======
NetTips
======
HUMMERDINGER
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
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KC GlobeNews JUNE 2003 Special Vol.4, No.6

Current events, trends, travel, politics, eco and tech topics.

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CONTENTS
CALIFORNIA'S SEA OTTERS WEAKENED
US LOOKS AWAY
THE TIGER BALM STORY
AIRFARE CONSOLIDATORS
GIVE US THIS DAY OUR BIG MAC
SEARCHING FOR LIFE ON MARS
GREEN CARS
SUPREME WHO?

============
!!GLOBALERT!!
============
CALIFORNIA'S SEA OTTERS WEAKENED
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
By Jean-Michel Cousteau

After nearly three decades of protection and recovery, California's southern sea otters are once again imperiled.

Since the beginning of 2003, nearly 100 sea otters have died and washed up on the shore - double the average over the past decade. Unlike mass strandings in years past, the danger today isn't leaky oil tankers or pelt hunters, but appears to be something much more difficult to legislate away: the marine environment itself.

The wayward stretches of coast that are the sea otter's habitat are changing in ways the species seems unprepared to deal with. And with so few otters left in the wild, the prospect of extinction looms with each new death. New plans for sea otter recovery should offer hope, but the recent events dampen enthusiasm. Are conventional solutions adequate, or is it time for a new paradigm?

The California coast was, for many centuries, ‘sea otter country.'

The southern sea otter thrived here, feasting on sea urchins, anemones and crabs, and raising families amid the shifting kelp forests. The fur business drove the species to apparent extinction at the turn of the last century. But in 1938, a tiny handful of individuals was found at Big Sur. In 1977, the species was declared ‘threatened' under the Endangered Species Act. Under federal protection, recovery was swift, and by the mid-1990's, the southern sea otter numbered 2,377.

But in 1995, the population began declining by nearly 5 percent each year, according to the U.S. Department of Fish and Wildlife. And starting in 1998, the deaths have come in larger pulses. The agency puts the present total population at around 2,200 animals, spread in colonies along a sparsely settled stretch of the central California coast. Its own target for recovery is a modest 3,090 sea otters. At the moment, the population appears much closer to 1,850, the number at which agency scientists would be forced to recommend the species for ‘endangered' status.

This spring's fatalities are all the more troubling because they come in spite of federal protection. A strongly regulated habitat, bans on hunting, and restrictions on boating and fishing are apparently not enough to stabilize the population at a fraction of its historic size.

In Alaska, where sea otters are also in decline, conservation biologists have identified a ripple effect in the food chain; overfishing by humans has suppressed the number of seals, and forced killer whales to prey on sea otters. But in California, the problem is more complicated.

A new UC Davis study suggests that parasitic and bacterial infections are leading causes of the sea otter's decline. In analyzing mortality data from the years 1998-2001, the researchers found that nearly two-thirds of the animals died of disease, a startling fact considering that nearly half were in their prime adult breeding years.

In addition, some 39 percent of the dead animals were infected with toxoplasma gondii, a protozoan spread via the feces of domestic cats, part of the waste stream of modern society. Together with sarcocystis, toxoplasma gondii can cause encephalitis and other neurological disorders. The researchers suspect that such problems may render the otters more vulnerable to sharks, boat propellers and other threats.

The study also revealed the presence of the thorny-headed worm, which makes its way from bird feces into sand crabs. These tiny crustaceans have lately--and inexplicably--become part of the sea otter's diet. It may be that anthropogenic disruptions in the food chain are responsible for this shift.

The scientists were surprised to find that a significant proportion of the animals suffered from heart failure.

Taken together, the data paints a picture quite different from the sea otter's historical legacy. Once violently exterminated in vast numbers by hunters, the remnant populations are now slowly and unspectacularly wasting away in waters infected by pollutants and impoverished by human overfishing.

The timing of these findings could not be more ironic. After 16 years of preparation, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife has just put the finishing touches on its new Sea Otter Protection Plan. The agency is dedicated to continuing its research into the causes of sea otter declines, plans to reduce sea otter deaths through human activities' including fishing--and recommends extending the animals' protected range. Beyond these steps, the service recognizes the need to minimize ‘the amount of contaminants in ocean waters.'

The plan is not a radical departure from the existing approach. And as such, it is not likely to assure the sea otter's future. Enlarging the otter's range sounds like a good idea, especially if it can provide a buffer from localized problem areas, such as oil tanker routes, sadly still a part of the region's marine tapestry.

But what if that range is more generally so polluted that it cannot sustain the otters? What if their habitat, as they need it, no longer exists? Officials scratch their heads at the ‘mystery' of the recent sea otter declines. But there is no mystery--the otters live in a toilet.

Protection must be more than listing a species on paper. It must be a holistic philosophy of resource governance. In the U.S., many species have been saved because people recognized the importance of protecting habitat. In this synergy, the protected species continue to support the ecosystem that sustains them.

That philosophy is sound. It recognizes that humans are part of a larger biological system that sustains us in the same way it sustains other species.

But this process, and the philosophy on which it rests, is threatened by a political leadership eager to gut key environmental protections such as the Clean Water Act. If the Bush Administration and its clones at the lower echelons of government are successful in weakening landmark legislation, then it will become virtually impossible to protect species by protecting their habitat. More importantly, perhaps, the nation would lose the benefits of the holistic approach, and the conservation process would most certainly devolve into a Babel of parochial squabbles over individual species, individual locales, individual interests.

The sea otter is just one small animal whose fate is shaped by a wide range of environmental factors. We are another such species. Instead of weakening the laws that protect our habitat, we must expand their scope, as we struggle to understand the large and complex systems that permit us to survive. This month, the yearly federal census of sea otters begins; its tidings should remind us that what affects one animal affects us all.

Learn more about Jean-Michel Cousteau and the Ocean Futures Society:
http://www.oceanfutures.org/


US LOOKS AWAY AS NEW ALLY TORTURES
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Abdulkhalil was arrested in the fields of Uzbekistan's Ferghana valley last year. The 28-year-old farmer was sentenced to 16 years in prison for "trying to overthrow the constitutional structures".

Last week his father saw him for the first time since that day on a stretcher in a prison hospital. His head was battered and his tongue was so swollen that he could only say that he had "been kept in water for a long time".

Abdulkhalil was a victim of Uzbekistan's security service, the SNB. His detention and torture were part of a crackdown on Hizb-ut-Tahrir (Party of Liberation), an Islamist group.

Independent human rights groups estimate over 600 politically motivated arrests a year in Uzbekistan, and 6,500 political prisoners, some tortured to death. According to a forensic report commissioned by the British embassy, two prisoners were even boiled to death.

The US condemned this repression for many years. But since September 11 rewrote America's strategic interests in central Asia, the government of President Islam Karimov has become Washington's new best friend in the region.

The US is funding those it once condemned. Last year Washington gave Uzbekistan $500m (£300m) in aid. The police and intelligence services - which the US state department's website says use "torture as a routine investigation technique" received $79m of this sum.

Mr Karimov was President Bush's guest in Washington in March last year. They signed a "declaration" which gave Uzbekistan security guarantees and promised to strengthen "the material and technical base of [their] law enforcement agencies".

The cooperation grows. On May 2 Nato said Uzbekistan may be used as a base for the alliance's peacekeeping operations in Afghanistan.

Since the fall of the Taliban, US support for the Karimov government has changed from one guided by short-term necessity into a long-term commitment based on America's strategic requirements.

Critics argue that the US has overlooked human rights abuses to foster a police state whose borders give the Pentagon vantage points into Afghanistan and the other neighboring republics which are as rich in natural resources as they are in Islamist movements.

The geographical hub of the US-Uzbek alliance is 250 miles south of the capital, Tashkent. Outside the town of Karshi lies the Khanabad military base, the platform for America's operations in Afghanistan.

The town of Khanabad has been closed for months by the Uzbek government. Locals say the restrictions are compensated for by the highly paid work the base brings.

Journalists are not allowed in to see its runway, logistical supply tents and troop lodgings, all set on roads named after New York avenues. One western source said: "[The Americans] expect to be here for over a decade."

This will suit the Uzbek government, which welcomes America's change in attitude as its own security forces continue to repress the population. Uzbeks need a permit to move between towns and an exit visa to leave the country. Attendance at a mosque seems to result in arrest.

In the city of Namangan, in the Ferghana valley, there are many accounts of the regime's brutality. Ahatkhon was beaten by police and held down while members of the Uzbek security service stuffed "incriminating evidence" into his coat pocket. They called in two "witnesses" to watch them discover two leaflets supporting Hizb-ut-Tahrir. He was forced to inform on four friends, one of whom - an ex-boxer - is still in pain from his beating. Abdulkhalil and Ahatkhon prayed regularly. This seemed to have been enough to brand them as the Islamists the Karimov government fears.

The Ferghana valley has been a base for the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU), which the US and the UK say has links with al-Qaida. But the group is thought to have been crippled by the operations in Afghanistan. Analysts dismiss US claims that the IMU is targeting American military assets in the neighboring republic of Kyrgyzstan.

The fight against the IMU has been used to justify the repression of Islamists. But the Islamic order advocated by Hizb-ut-Tahrir fills a void left by devastating poverty and state brutality.

Craig Murray, the British ambassador to Uzbekistan, said: "The intense repression here combined with the inequality of wealth and absence of reform will create the Islamic fundamentalism that the regime is trying to quash."

Another senior western official said: "People have less freedom here than under Brezhnev. The irony is that the US Republican party is supporting the remnants of Brezhnevism as part of their fight against Islamic extremism."

The US is also funding some human rights groups in Uzbekistan. Last year it gave $26m towards democracy programs. A state department spokesman said America's policy was "reform through engagement" and that Uzbekistan had "taken some positive steps", including "registering a human rights group and a new newspaper".

Matilda Bogner of Human Rights Watch's office in Tashkent said: "I would deny there has been any real progress.

"The steps taken are basically window dressing used to get the military funding through the US Congress's ethical laws. Nothing has changed on the ground."
Hakimjon Noredinov, 68, agreed. He became a human rights activist after a morgue attendant brought him his eldest son, Nozemjon. He had been left for dead by the security service but was still alive despite having his skull fractured. Nozemjon is now 33, but screamed all night since they split his skull open. He is now in an asylum, Mr Noredinov said. "People's lives here are no better for US involvement," he said.

"Because of the US help, Karimov is getting richer and stronger."

Source: Guardian Unlimited http://www.guardian.co.uk/




==============
THE GOOD NEWS
==============
THE TIGER BALM STORY
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Tiger Balm has been used for nearly 100 years. It is an effective external analgesic rub. Over 20 million jars of TIGER BALM are sold annually in over 70 countries. The extra strength pain relieving ointment penetrates quickly and provides effective temporary relief for numerous ailments such as sore muscles, tension, overexertion, headaches, and colds.

The success story of Tiger Balm is the story of the ingenious marketer Aw Boon Haw. A self-made man. An upstart, a tenacious tiger of a man who started with almost nothing and created a fantastically wealthy and visually compelling empire.

Aw Boon Haw combined the talents of circus promoter P.T. Barnum in marketing his medicines, theme-park magnate Walt Disney in creating a fairytale environment, and newspaperman and castle builder William Randolph Hearst in starting the largest chain of newspapers in Southeast Asia and building lavish mansions. Furthermore, he was one of Southeast Asia's most generous philanthropists, giving over half his income to charities.

Aw Chi Kim, Aw Boon Haw's father, was a poor Hakka herbalist who emigrated from China to Rangoon in the 1860s. In 1870 he opened a small herbal shop but never made more money at his profession than what he needed to feed his family. He would often treat patients who could not pay or trade his services for food and other goods.

Shortly after their father's death, in 1908, Aw Boon Haw and his brother, Aw Boon Par, perfected the formula for Tiger Balm in their Rangoon home. Aw Boon Par oversaw Tiger Balm's production, while the more flamboyant Aw Boon Haw packaged and marketed the product.

Although untrue, myths that the balm contained a part of the tiger--popularly believed to help improve one's sexual potency--proliferated. Shrewdly, the Aw brothers did nothing to dispel these rumors.

While the balm was a good product, many competing Chinese medicine shops produced similar remedies. Aw Boon Haw realized that for his product to be a success, it would have to stand out from others on pharmacy shelves. With attention to the tiniest detail, Aw Boon Haw created layered packaging that captured the eye, with a dominant springing tiger. The complex, full-color designs accented with gold made Tiger Balm packages easy to identify on shelves crowded with a plethora of brands.

The Aw brothers bought panel trucks to make deliveries, painting the sides of them like billboards. Aw Boon Haw traveled to remote areas and gave away free samples. Aw Boon Haw's relentless marketing paid off. By 1918, the Aw family was the richest Chinese family in Rangoon.

Aw Boon Haw soon realized that he could have an even wider market for his Tiger Brand products. In 1929, after moving Eng Aun Tong headquarters to Singapore, he started the Sin Chew Jit Poh newspaper, which became a powerful voice for the Chinese community. The newspapers also afforded ample space for advertising Tiger Brand products. After Sin Chew Jit Poh's success in Singapore, Aw Boon Haw expanded his publishing ventures to Penang, Bangkok, and Hong Kong.

Eng Aun Tong built new branch offices throughout Asia, many of which celebrated grand openings with parades staged by the Tiger Band. Men dressed in tiger suits playing brass and percussion instruments marched through city streets. Like the traveling sideshows of snake-oil entertainers, Aw Boon Haw's novel fanfare attracted crowds to the site, and the expense paid off in immediate sales.

It was predictable that when Aw Boon Haw commissioned a personal automobile, it too would serve to publicize the tiger. The contractor sculpted a metal head mounted on the front of the car and painted the car with tiger's stripes. No one who encountered this vehicle could forget it, and the Tiger became indelibly stamped in one's memory.

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GlobeNews
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GIVE US THIS DAY OUR BIG MAC AND DELIVER US FROM EVIL
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
McDonald's became an official sponsor of Pope John Paul II.

The infamous fast food chain provided food for a multitude: the 500,000 faithful Spaniards who showed up for a May 21 "pray-in" with the pope at a Madrid airport.
Believers received a "pilgrim's bag," with rosary, prayer book, cap and vouchers for burger, fries, soft drink and a baked apple pie.


=============
FUTURE IS NOW
=============
SEARCHING FOR LIFE ON MARS
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
One will sniff, dig and bake. Two others will roam, grind and bore. Together, they could revolutionize our knowledge of the red planet and extraterrestrial life.

The robotic explorers from Europe and the United States are using entirely different approaches to the cosmic quest, which began this month with launches that took advantage of an exceptionally close Earth-Mars alignment.

The Beagle 2 lander is a shoestring biologist, built by the British at the behest of the European Space Agency for an estimated $60 million. It departed from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.

The dog-sized bot, only 73 pounds (33 kilograms), will look for direct evidence of existing life, whether combing the Martian atmosphere for methane, a possible biological byproduct, or checking rocks for a form of carbon favored by cells.

NASA's Mars Exploration Rovers, mobile geologists that together cost the U.S. space agency about $800 million, will do more indirect detective work on the dry, cold planet, thought to have been wet and warm billions of years ago.

The twin landers, each the size of a desk and weighing 375 pounds (170 kilograms), will ramble dozens of meters a day, drilling into rocks and scooping up soil in preliminary field studies to help identify ancient oases.

Future landers might investigate the spots for signs of a Martian fossil record.

Most agree that Beagle 2 has more ambitious objectives, but whether it will deliver the goods is the question.

"Because the instrumentation aboard Beagle 2 is specifically designed to look for signs of current or extinct life, it will more than likely get the most attention," said Barry DiGregario, who wrote the book, "Mars: The Living Planet.

"It may be that the grand prize of confirming life on Mars could go to the British," he said.
Home run or strike out?

"Beagle 2 is trying to hit a home run. I don't think they'll hit it, but I wish them luck," said Harold "Hap" McSween, a NASA rover team member and University of Tennessee geologist who doubts life exists now on the red planet.

Scientists with the Beagle 2 program offer a spirited defense of Europe's first planetary lander, but acknowledge the mission is fraught with risks.

"If we didn't try to hit a home run, there wouldn't have been a mission," said Mark Sims, Beagle 2 landing manager and University of Leicester professor.

The project had to aim high to attract sponsors, "otherwise it would not have happened," Sims said.

But there are monetary and weight constraints on the craft. "Beagle is a small spacecraft with very little redundancies on it. Consequently, if anything fails, I'm afraid it's game over," Sims said.

The UK scientist who spearheaded Beagle 2, named for the ship that carried famed biologist Charles Darwin around the world in the 19th century, said the lack of frills did not mean compromised objectives.

"At the beginning, some people thought we were a 'me too' mission: Send a lander to Mars and take a picture," said Colin Pillinger, a professor at the Open University in Britain.

"But this is serious science. I wouldn't let one of these instruments get chopped off to save anything," Pillinger said.
A crowded place

The Mars neighborhood will be an extremely busy place in late December and January when five spacecraft are expected to arrive. Besides the landers, two satellites should begin orbiting the red planet.

One is the European Space Agency's Mars Express, on which Beagle 2 is hitching its 35 million-mile (56 million-kilometer) ride. Shortly before going into orbit, it will jettison the small probe to the surface.

Another, Japan's Nozomi orbiter, was due to arrive in 1999. But a costly navigation error pushed back the due date to late 2003, and an unexpected blast of solar radiation later knocked out communications. Whether the mission can be salvaged remains unknown.

Such setbacks are common for robotic explorers to Mars.

More than 30 have undertaken the journey, but only a handful have succeeded, including NASA's Viking and Pathfinder landers in 1976 and 1997, and the Surveyor and Odyssey orbiters in 1997 and 2003, both of which remain in operation.

The U.S. space agency has by far the best track record, but the experience did not prevent two dismal failures in 1999, including an orbiter that burned up in the atmosphere because propellant engineers mixed up metric and English units.

Despite the dangers, robotic trips to Mars will likely continue. NASA has a handful already in the works, including one to return Martian samples to Earth.

James Head, a planetary geologist at Brown University, explains part of the allure:

"You look at the moon and it's very exciting, but Mars is easier to identify with. The ice caps, the wind, the evidence of flowing water and lava flow. These are things that are familiar to us. It's a world that has Earth-like geology and features."

And someday the scientific expeditions could include more than just circuits and chips, Squyres hopes.

"Do I wish I could go? Oh yeah, in a heartbeat."

Source: CNN
http://www.cnn.com/2003/TECH/space/06/02/mars.race/


======
NetTips
======
GREEN CARS
~~~~~~~~~~~
Ron Cogan's Green Car Journal industry newsletter is considered "the bible" of the worldwide automotive environmental industry.

Green Car Journal Special Edition 2003 is a full-color magazine that de-mystifies the field of low emission, high fuel economy, and advanced technology vehicles.

Its focus includes hybrids, fuel cells, alternative fuels, and environmentally-conscious cars, trucks, and SUVs now in showrooms, or coming soon.

Visit Green Car Journal:
http://www.greencar.com/


Thanks to all who wrote in! And to everyone else, speak up!

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
GlobeNews by Kahl Consultants
Visit us: http://www.kahl.net/globenews
Email GlobeNews: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
SUBSCRIBE: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
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~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~


THE PLUG
========
How has your small business or organization been performing?
Happy with your work? Let Kahl Consultants help!
Technology. Use it appropriately. Put it in our hands.
http://www.kahl.net

If you got this far you obviously enjoyed GlobeNews.
Please pass it on! Remember, the best things in life are free.


THE PUNCH LINE
==============
SUPREME WHO?
~~~~~~~~~~~~~
The justices on the Supreme Court are supremely unrecognized by the American public.

According to a survey by FindLaw.com, 66 percent of Americans can't name even one justice.

The most popular judge, Sandra Day O'Connor, only received 25 percent of the vote. Meanwhile, only 1 percent knew there's a justice named John Paul Stevens.


KC GlobeNews FEBRUARY 2003 Special Vol.4, No.2

Current events, trends, travel, politics, eco and tech topics.

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CONTENTS
2002 YEAR OF EXTREME NATURAL DISASTERS
JESUS AND THE FDA
REUSING GREETING CARDS
MARINE MAMMAL MASH
THIRD WORLD TRAVELER
FUELING TERRORISM
GREEN PARTY = EVIL
BANANAS FACE EXTINCTION
ONLINE TRAVEL ADVICE

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!!GLOBALERT!!
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2002 YEAR OF EXTREME NATURAL DISASTERS
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
2002 was a year of extremes, from record windstorms to severe rain and floods. A result of nature's rage is not only the loss of life but an economic toll adding up to billions of dollars:

* 11,000 people throughout the world were killed;
* The number of natural catastrophes recorded was around 700, above the average for the 1990s, which is 650;
* There were 70 loss-producing earthquakes, generating losses of around $1 billion. The most severe occurred in Afghanistan;
* Windstorms and floods top the list for most costly natural catastrophes, dominating insurance industry claims.

The outstanding natural hazard of 2002 was major flooding on the Danube, Elbe, Moldova, and tributaries. The worst flooding in Europe for centuries.

What's in store for the future?

Buildings and infrastructure are usually not designed to cope with extreme weather. Extreme wind speeds and precipitation are being exceeded with increasing frequency.

2002 was, along with 1998, the warmest year since temperature readings began - evidence of the unbroken trend of global warming.

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JESUS AND THE FDA
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
A battle is raging over the US government plan to appoint a scantily credentialed doctor to head an influential Food and Drug Administration (FDA) panel on women's health policy.

Dr. W. David Hager is an OB/GYN who describes himself as "pro-life" and refuses to prescribe contraceptives to unmarried women.

Dr Hager's writings include "Stress and the Woman's Body," which puts "an emphasis on the restorative power of Jesus Christ in one's life" and recommends specific Scripture readings and prayers for such ailments as headaches and PMS. He also wrote a book titled "As Jesus Cared for Women: Restoring Women Then and Now".

FDA senior associate commissioner Linda Arey Skladany, a former drug-industry lobbyist with longstanding ties to the Bush family, chose him for the post.

Read the article in TIME Magazine:
http://www.time.com/time/nation/article/0,8599,361521,00.html

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THE GOOD NEWS
==============
REUSING GREETING CARDS
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Do you still have your Christmas cards hanging on the wall? I know I do!

Would you like to do something useful with your holiday greeting cards?

Don't throw them away! They can be recycled and re-used through:

Saint Jude's Ranch for Children
100 Saint Jude St.
Boulder City, Nevada
89005

Details at their website:
http://stjudesranch.org/

MARINE MAMMAL MASH
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Nestled in the lush hills of the Marin Headlands only minutes north of the Golden Gate Bridge is a hospital for ocean mammals. It's a kind of volunteer MASH unit for sea lions, seals, whales and dolphins.

Injured and stranded animals found along the central California coastline are captured and brought to the center for rehabilitation. Specifically the Center cares for local pinnipeds (sea lions, elephant seals and harbor seals) and cetaceans (dolphins, porpoises and whales).

The animals are treated and housed in large outdoor cages with fiberglass pools containing unheated freshwater (they would be too hot in warm water or indoors). Half of the animals brought to the Center are healed and released back into the wild.

The Center has 800 active volunteers and 40 paid staff members. Funding is provided by memberships and contributions from individuals, foundations and corporations.

Bay Area residents who volunteer will meet plenty of other folks who are concerned for wildlife and our ocean environment.

If you're a San Francisco tourist plan on a visit. Public visitation is from 10 am to 4 pm daily and it's FREE! Group tours can also be arranged.

The Marine Mammal Center
http://www.tmmc.org/

 

==========
GLOBESITES
==========
THIRD WORLD TRAVELER
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Although the name is not entirely fitting, and the layout is functional at best, the THIRD WORLD TRAVELER site has a fascinating wealth of unusual eye opening political information... and it even has third world travel tips. Prepare to be challenged!

Third World Traveler
http://www.thirdworldtraveler.com/

 

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=========
GlobeNews
=========
FUELING TERRORISM
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Americans are the architects of their own "tar baby" embroilment with Islamic terrorists over its growing need for oil.

The more the United States reaches for import oil and fight for it, the more the U.S. is fostering growing terrorism.

Over the past 30 years the U.S. has ignored the call to achieve energy efficiency and ignored the call to move in a big way to renewable energy sources that are domestic and diverse. The U.S. refuses to lower it energy transportation consumption, characterized by lack of controls over the growing use of gas-guzzling vehicles.

The U.S. has built poor energy policies, including Cheney's latest irresponsible "National Energy Policy." These policies, built on oil, have resulted in resource wars and deaths that weren't necessary.

The U.S. appetite for imported oil has grown from two per cent in 1940 in 1950 to 53 percent in 2001. The U.S. accounts for about 25 per cent of global oil consumption but has only 3 per cent of the proven global oil reserves. The United States consumes about 19.4 million barrels of oil per day, of which it imports 10 million barrels per day.

In the 1970's, the American environmentalist Amory Lovins, and Canadian environmentalist Dr. David Brooks provided advice and wrote reports for governments on the need to get off of imported oil - for energy security reasons. Their advice, based on taking "a soft energy path," was to:

* stop energy wastage and redirect the saved energy to other users
* develop alternative energy and fuel sources to take the pressure off the need for oil
* develop multiple North American-based energy sources that would provide a
diverse, resilient and secure energy supply
* reduce U.S. oil dependency on outside sources to less than 10 per cent

See the Amory and Hunter Lovins' Rocky Mountain Institute website:
http://www.rmi.org/sitepages/pid306.php .


GREEN PARTY = EVIL
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Art dealer Doug Stuber ran Ralph Nader's Green Party presidential campaign in North Carolina in 2000. In a recent no-fly nightmare he was pulled out of a boarding line and grounded. About to make an important trip to Prague he was told (with ticket in hand) that he was not allowed to fly that day.

Asking "why not?" he was told at Raleigh-Durham airport that because of the sniper attacks, no GREENS were allowed to fly overseas on that day.

The next morning he returned, and instead of paying $670 he was forced into a $2,600 "same day" air fare.

But it's what happened to Stuber during the next 24 hours that is even more disturbing.

Stuber arrived at the airport at 6 AM. His flight wasn't until six hours later. Just before boarding he was approached by police officer Stanley (same policeman who ushered him out of the airport the day before), who said that he "wanted to talk" to him.

Officer Stanley took Stuber into a room and questioned him for an hour. Stanley introduced him to two Secret Service agents. The agents took full eye-open pictures of Stuber with a digital camera. They asked him details about his family, where he lived, who he ever knew, what the Greens are up to...

At one point Stuber asked if they believed Greens were equal to al Qaeda. They showed him a Justice Department document that actually shows the Greens as likely terrorists -- just as likely as al Qaeda members.

Did Doug ever make it on his plane? To find out read the full article here:
http://www.alternet.org/print.html?StoryID=14884

 

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FUTURE IS NOW
=============
BANANAS FACE EXTINCTION
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
The banana hasn't had sex in years and its days may be numbered.

Without scientific help the sterile, seedless fruit could disappear within 10 years.

The fruit lacks the genetic diversity to fight off diseases and pests that are plaguing banana plantations and only biotechnology and genetic manipulation may be able to save it.

Without assistance banana production could drop and mark the beginning of the end of the fruit.

We may even see the extinction of the banana as both a lifesaver for hungry and impoverished Africans and as the most popular product on the world's supermarket shelves.

Source; New Scientist
http://www.newscientist.com

 

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NetTips
======
ONLINE TRAVEL ADVICE
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Ready to get out of town but not sure you're properly prepared for your trip?

Try these sites for travel advice!

Travel-Library
http://www.Travel-Library.com
Personal travelogues, trip reports, and worldwide tourist information, including a "Round-The-World Travel Guide"

Airline information on-line on the Internet FAQ
http://www.faqs.org/faqs/travel/air/online-info/
All you need to know about schedules, fares, reservations, and tickets for commercial airlines, and on-line travel agents

Tips4Trips
http://www.tips4trips.com
Over a thousand tips, dozens of categories (e.g. PACKING, LAPTOP COMPUTERS, JUST FOR MEN/WOMEN)

Thanks to all who wrote in! And to everyone else, speak up!

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
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THE PUNCH LINE
==============
"The nuclear bomb is the most anti-democratic, anti-national, anti-human, outright evil thing that man has ever made. If you are religious, then remember that this bomb is Man's challenge to god. It's worded quite simply: We have the power to destroy everything that You have created."
Arundhati Roy

"The people of the world genuinely want peace. Some day the leaders of the world are going to have to give in and give it to them."
Dwight Eisenhower